Expected Outcomes



Mapping the distribution and extent of coral reef ecosystem

Improved management and monitoring

Maps created showing distribution and extent of coral reefs


Establishment of Marine Protected Areas

Conservation of genetic varieties and habitats of corals, halting of reef degradation

Increase in extent of coral reef cover and associated biodiversity


Development of coral reef database

Improved management and monitoring

Database on species abundance and distribution


Regulation of water pollution, especially organo-nutrient overload

Reduced stress on coral habitat

Improved water quality


Regulation of over – fishing, sedimentation and alteration of coastline

Reduced stress on coral habitat and sustainable utilization of resources

Increase in coral reef extent


Control of coral predators

Recovery of damaged reefs

Increase in coral regeneration and recruitment


Control of exotic sea weed invasion

Robust reef growth

Increase in coral regeneration and recruitment


Establishment of ‘Locally managed marine areas’ for fisheries management

Herbivore protection, sustainable harvest of marine resources

Improved species diversity and abundance as well as productivity


Coral reef restoration

Recovery of coral reefs

Increase in coral regeneration and recruitment


Monitoring restoration and natural recovery

Enhanced reef growth

Increase in coral regeneration and  recruitment


Managing for Social Resilience

Improved social resilience, reduced reef dependence

Decreased extraction from coral reef habitats,improved custodianship


Managing for Ocean Acidification

Improve reef resilience and reduced vulnerability to ocean acidification



Construction of Anti-Poaching Sheds and watch towers

Reduced number of poaching incidents

Increase of area under vigilant protection and conservation


Creation of new legal frameworks, policies and agencies that are specifically focused on managing coral reefs

Improved coral reef management

Laws and policies on coral reef conservation and management



Coral Disease management

-Development of an early warning system

-Assessment of the spatial extent and severity of outbreaks

-Mitigating disease impacts by removal of disease by physical means, quarantine, vaccination, antibiotic treatment and culling, phage therapy, disruption of cell-cell communication, stimulation of coral immune systems etc.

-Promoting recovery through coral transplantation / assisted colonization and coral gardening and mitigating anthropogenic stressors

-Raising awareness of the threat of coral disease amongst managers





Healthy and Climate change resilient coral reef system




Reduced number of coral disease spread incidents

(reduced frequency and severity)


Management of Coral Bleaching

-Identification and protection of areas that are tolerant to bleaching to act as refugia

-Reduce local stressors for improved recovery

-Promote recovery at sites that experience high mortality

-Assessment of socio-economic impacts resulting from mass bleaching

-Enhance stakeholder awareness







Healthy and climate change resilient coral reef system







Reduced number of coral bleaching incidents


Source: COASTAL IDENTITIES- The Centrality of Coastal Ecosystems in Tamil Nadus Conservation,Department of Environment