Acanthus ilicifolius  
        · Domain : Eukaryota

          · Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Lamiidae 

· Superorder : Lamianae  

· Order : Scrophulariales

· Family : Acanthaceae

· Subfamily : Acanthoideae

· Genus : Acanthus

· Specific epithet : ilicifolius - L.

· Botanical name : Acanthus ilicifolius

Identification

Main Features :  Viny shrub or tall herb, upto 1.5 m high, scarcely woody, bushy.

Root :  very dense growth  Shallow tap roots, but occasionally stilt roots are conspicuous.

Leaves :  opposite, decussate, cauline, exstipulate, petiole short, flattened, glabrous, pulvinous to sheathing base Lamina oblong, elliptic-oblong, spiny  margin and wavy, apex acute, basal angled, dorsiventral, green  Inflorescence raceme, spike, upto 16 cm long, peduncled

Flowers :  bracteate, curved, ovoid, entire, acute, basal cup-shaped, glabrous, greenish, two bracteoles partly covered by bracts Flower bisexual, typically zygomorphic, complete, erect, sessile, hypogynous,   Sepals 5, polysepalous, twisted, borad, ovate, margin folded, acute, basal curved, coriaceous, greenish , persistent.  

Fruit :  1 cm green and 2.5 - 2.0 cm long, kidney shaped 4 seed drupe, Seed 0.5 - 1.0 cm long Germination of seed hypgeal.  

 Aegiceras corniculatum  
     · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Dilleniidae

· Superorder : Primulanae

· Order : Myrsinales

· Family : Myrsinaceae

· Genus : Aegiceras

· Specific epithet : corniculatum - (L.) Blanco

· Botanical name : Aegiceras corniculatum

 

Identification

Main Features: This is a multi-stemmed shrub usually reaching about two to three meters in height.  

Root: Unlike the Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina ssp. australaisica), which has a thick trunk, it does not have pneumatophores (air breathing roots) sticking out of the mud. 

Leaves: It has alternate rounded leaves. The curved-cylindrical fruit, which give the species its name, can be seen in summer and early autumn.

Fruit: The seeds germinate while still on the parent plant and the plantlets can establish quickly after they fall into the mud below, or are left stranded after being transported elsewhere by currents of water.

 

 Aeluropus  lagopoides  
      · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Magnoliophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Class : Liliopsida

· Subclass : Commelinidae

· Order : Poales

· Suborder : Poanae

· Family : Poaceae

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