Avicennia marina  
    · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Lamiidae

· Superorder : Lamianae

· Order : Lamiales

· Family : Avicenniaceae

· Subfamily : Avicennioideae

· Genus : Avicennia

· Specific epithet : marina

· Botanical name : Avicennia marina

Identification

Main Features : Avicennia is an evergreen tree growing up to 6m in height

Root : Dark brown aerial roots (pneumatophores) that reach beyond the high tide mark. These roots, forming an intrinsic network which can be best seen at low tide.

Leaves : The tree has elliptical, leathery leaves that are dark green on the front and grayish underneath, often crusted over with salt crystals.

Flowers : The tiny flowers are orange with hardy, exserted stamens.

Fruits :  appear as green 'nuts'. When ripe, they drop into the water and the tides wash them to new locations. Young mangrove shoots are easily identified throughout the Sinai coastline.

 

 Avicennia officinalis  
     · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Lamiidae

· Superorder : Lamianae

· Order : Lamiales

· Family : Avicenniaceae

· Genus : Avicennia

· Specific epithet : officinalis - L.

· Botanical name : Avicennia officinalis

Identification

Main features : Grows to 25m.

Bark : Young trees are reddish brown and smooth, older trees are grey-brown.

Roots : Pencil-like pneumatophores emerge above ground from long shallow underground roots.

Leaves : Thick, leathery, spoon-like (rounded at tip with edges slightly rolled under), shiny green above, underneath slightly hairy.

Flowers : Small, yellow, several together, forming a cross-shaped inflorescence.

Fruits : Flat capsule containing one seed.

Ceriops tagal 
     · Domain :Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Rosidae

· Superorder : Rhizophoranae

· Order : Rhizophorales

· Family : Rhizophoraceae

· Genus : Ceriops

· Specific epithet : tagal

· Botanical name :Ceriops tagal

Identification

Main features  : This species can grow from a shrub of half to one meter to a small slender tree of two to seven meters high.

Bark : The bark is yellowish or light brown to grey and is roughened by corky lenticels (air pores) along the trunk.

Leaves :  grow to 7 cm long and 4 cm wide, are oval-shaped with a notched tip and are slightly curled under at the edges. They are arranged opposite one another in groups at the ends of branchlets.

Flowers :  white, about 6mm long and appear in pairs at the base of the leaves.

Fruit : Brown, pear-shaped fruit, 10 to 12 mm long appear between December and January. A smooth, tapered, cylindrical propagule of 10 to 15 cm length protrudes through the fruit wall and is suspended vertically beneath the fruit.

Excoecaria agallocha  
     · Kingdom : Plantae

· Phylum : Magnoliophyta

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Order : Malpighiales

· Family : Euphorbiaceae

· Subfamily : Euphorbioideae

· Tribe : Hippomaneae

· Genus : Excoecaria

· Specific epithet : agallocha

· Botanical name : Excoecaria agallocha L.

Identification

Main features : Grows 14-20m tall.

Bark : grey, rough covered with brown corky pores.

Leaves : 6-10cm long, pointed tips. Old leaves turn bright red.

Flowers :
Tiny flowers in spikes. Male and female flowers occur in separate trees.

Fruit : Small, round, in clusters. Seeds float.

 

  

Salicornia brachiata  

     · Domain : Eukaryota

         · Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Magnoliophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Caryophyllidae

·Superorder:Caryophyllanae

· Order : Caryophyllales

·Suborder:Chenopodiineae

·Family:Chenopodiaceae

· Genus : Salicornia

· Specificepithet : brachiata

·Botanicalname:Salicornia brachiata

 

Identification

Main features  : The Salicornia species are small, usually less than 30 cm tall, succulent herbs with a jointed horizontal main stem and erect lateral branches.

Leaves :  The leaves are small and scale-like and as such the plant may appear leafless. Many species are green, but their foliage turns red in autumn.

Flowers :  The hermaphrodite flowers are wind pollinated.

Fruit :  small and succulent and contains a single seed.

 

 Suaeda maritime  
   · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Magnoliophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Caryophyllidae

· Superorder : Caryophyllanae

· Order : Caryophyllales

· Suborder : Chenopodiineae

· Family : Polypodiaceae

· Genus : Suaeda

· Specific epithet : maritima

· Subspecies : richii

· Botanical name : Suaeda maritima richii (Fern.)

Identification

Main features : Herbs annual, 20-50 cm tall, glabrous. Stem prostrate or obliquely spreading, somewhat ribbed, base branched and slightly woody;

 Leaves :  gray-green, linear, semiterete, slightly compressed, 0.5-1.5 cm × 1-1.5 mm, base slightly contracted, apex subobtuse or acute; leaves of lateral branches shorter than others, equaling or longer than perianth.

Flowers :  bisexual. Perianth green, 5-parted, somewhat fleshy; segments thickened and cucullate in fruit, base extending into an irregular, winglike or tonguelike process. Filaments slightly exserted; anthers broadly oblong or subglobose, ca. 0.2 mm. Style obscure; stigmas 2, black-brown. 

Seed :  black, sublustrous, depressed ovoid or lenticular, 1.2-1.5 mm in diam., distinctly pitted. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.