Avicennia marina  
    · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Lamiidae

· Superorder : Lamianae

· Order : Lamiales

· Family : Avicenniaceae

· Subfamily : Avicennioideae

· Genus : Avicennia

· Specific epithet : marina

· Botanical name : Avicennia marina

Identification

Main Features : Avicennia is an evergreen tree growing up to 6m in height

Root : Dark brown aerial roots (pneumatophores) that reach beyond the high tide mark. These roots, forming an intrinsic network which can be best seen at low tide.

Leaves : The tree has elliptical, leathery leaves that are dark green on the front and grayish underneath, often crusted over with salt crystals.

Flowers : The tiny flowers are orange with hardy, exserted stamens.

Fruits :  appear as green 'nuts'. When ripe, they drop into the water and the tides wash them to new locations. Young mangrove shoots are easily identified throughout the Sinai coastline.

 

 

 Pemphis acidula  
    ·       Kingdom :  Plantae

·       Phylum :  Tracheophyta

·       Order :  Myrtales

·       Family :  Noctuoidea

·       Genus : Pemphis

·       Specific epithet :  acidula

·       Botanical name :  Pemphis acidula

Identification :

Main features  :  An evergreen, much-branched, slow growing shrub or small tree 4 to 6 m tall with crooked and twisted stem.

 

Bark :   is light grey to brown, flaky in old trees. Leaves are simple, opposite in arrangement, oblong to lanceolate in shape, 0.5 to 2.2 cm long and 0.2 to 1 cm wide, round or bluntly acute at the tip and hairy on both the sides.

 

Flowers :  Inflorescence is one to a few flowered cymes, axillary in position and hairy. Flowers are white or pinkish-white in colour and 0. 7 to 1.0 cm across; calyx is tubular, 12- lobed, green in colour and hairy.Petals are six, white and inserted between calyx lobes.

 

 Fruit :  is tubular with rounded apex, about 1 cm long and 0.3 to 0.5 cm wide, densely hairy and green in young and brown when matured. Each fruit contains 20 to 30 small seeds.

 

 

Rhizophora mucronata

· Domain :  Eukaryota  

  · Kingdom :  Plantae

· Subkingdom :  Viridaeplantae

· Phylum :  Tracheophyta

· Subphylum :  Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum :  Radiatopses

· Class :  Magnoliopsida

· Subclass :  Rosidae

·Superorder: hizophoranae

· Order :  Rhizophorales

·Family: hizophoraceae

·Tribe: hizophoreae

·Genus: hizophora

·Specificepithet:mucronata

·Botanicalname:Rhizophora mucronata

Identification :

Main features  :  An evergreen, much-branched, slow growing shrub or small tree 4 to 6

m tall .

Root :  No prominent aerial roots are present. Twigs are angular and hairy.

 

Bark :   slight grey to brown, flaky in old trees. Leaves are simple, opposite in arrangement, oblong to lanceolate in shape, 0.5 to 2.2 cm long and 0.2 to 1 cm wide, round or bluntly acute at the tip and hairy on both the sides.

Flowers :  Flowers are white or pinkish-white in colour and 0. 7 to 1.0 cm across; calyx is tubular, 12- lobed, green in colour and hairy.Petals are six, white and inserted between calyx lobes.

 

Fruit :  is tubular with rounded apex, about 1 cm long and 0.3 to 0.5 cm wide, densely hairy and green in young and brown when matured. Each fruit contains 20 to 30 small seeds.

Salvadora persica

·  Domain : Plantae

· Division : Magnoliophyta

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Order : Brassicales

· Family : Salvadoraceae

· Genus : Salvadora

· Specific epithet : S.persica

· Botanical name : Salvadora persica

Identification

Leaves :  opposite, oblong-elliptic to almost circular, 3 x 7 cm, light to dark green, rather fleshy when young, brittle when mature, sometimes with wartlike glandular dots and dense, rather loose hairs; apex broadly tapering to rounded, sharp-tipped; base broadly tapering; margin entire.

Flowers :
inflorescence drooping, panicled, 5-31 cm long . flowers greenish yellow.

Fruit :  a drupe, 2.5-5 mm in diameter, globose, smooth, red or white when mature.

 

 Scaevola plumieri  
      · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Magnoliophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Asteridae

· Superorder : Campanulanae

· Order : Campanulales

· Family : Campanulaceae

· Genus : Scaevola

· Specific epithet : plumieri - L.

· Botanical name : Scaevola plumieri L.

Identification

Main features :  2- to 3-foot-tall shrub with succulent stems that spread to form dense clumps.

Root :  Stems root as they touch the ground.

Leaves : The foliage is clustered toward the tips of the branches and is thick, fleshy, and a glossy, medium green color.

Flowers : The flowers are 3/4 to 1 inch in length, five to six lobed, and found in small clusters among the foliage. They are barely noticeable. The lobes of the flowers are split vertically and spread out like a fan to suggest a half flower instead of a whole flower.

Fruit : The fruits are black, glossy, smooth and fairly prominent among the foliage.

 

 Sesuvium portulacastrum

·  Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Caryophyllidae

· Superorder : Caryophyllanae

· Order : Caryophyllales

· Suborder : Phytolaccineae  

· Family : Aizoaceae

· Genus :Halimus

· Specific epithet : portulacastrum

· Botanical name : Sesuvium portulacastrum

 

Identification

Main features  : It grows as a sprawling perennial herb up to 30 centimetres (12 in) high, with thick, smooth stems up to 1 metre (3.3 ft) long.

Leaves : It has smooth, fleshy, glossy green leaves that are linear or lanceolate, from 10–70 millimetres (0.39–2.8 in) long and 2–15 millimetres (0.079–0.59 in) wide.

Flowers : Pink or purple


 Thespesia populnea  
      · Domain : Eukaryota

· Kingdom : Plantae

· Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae

· Phylum : Tracheophyta

· Subphylum : Euphyllophytina  

· Infraphylum : Radiatopses

· Class : Magnoliopsida

· Subclass : Dilleniidae

· Superorder : Malvanae

· Order : Malvales

· Family : Malvaceae

· Subfamily : Malvoideae

· Tribe : Gossypieae

· Genus : Thespesia

· Specific epithet : populnea

· Botanical name : Thespesia populnea

Identification

Main features : Mangrove associate. A spreading habit, grows to 10-12m tall.

Bark :
Brown, corrugated. Scaly twigs.

Leaves : Small, heart-shaped, shiny green.

Flowers : Pale yellow without red stigma as in Sea Hibiscus. Last for only one day, turning maroon and dropping then.

Fruits :
Capsule is a flattened leathery sphere with disc-like sepals. Green at first, turning brown then black as it ripens and dries. The capsule then opens releasing 8-15 black seeds.